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Modelling the structuring of animal communities in heterogeneous landscapes : the role of individual home range formation, foraging movement, competition and habitat configuration

Modellierung zur Strukturierung von Tiergemeinschaften in heterogenen Landschaften : die Bedeutung von individuellen Aktionsräumen, Bewegung, Konkurrenz und Habitatkonfiguration

  • This thesis aims at a better mechanistic understanding of animal communities. Therefore, an allometry- and individual-based model has been developed which was used to simulate mammal and bird communities in heterogeneous landscapes, and to to better understand their response to landscape changes (habitat loss and fragmentation).
  • Diese Doktorarbeit strebt ein besseres mechanistisches Verständnis von Tiergemeinschaften an. Dafür wurde ein allometrie- und individuen-basiertes Modell entwickelt und dazu benutzt, Säugetier- und Vogelgemeinschaften in heterogenen Landschaften zu simulieren, und ihre Reaktion auf Landschaftsveränderungen (Habitatverlust und -fragmentierung) besser zu verstehen.

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Metadaten
Author:Carsten Buchmann
URN:urn:nbn:de:kobv:517-opus-59031
Advisor:Florian Jeltsch
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Language:English
Year of Completion:2012
Publishing Institution:Universität Potsdam
Granting Institution:Universität Potsdam
Date of final exam:2012/01/19
Release Date:2012/03/21
Tag:Aktionsraum; Allometrie; Artengemeinschaft; Bewegung; Modell
allometry; allometry; community; home range; individual-based model
RVK - Regensburg Classification:WI 2025
RVK - Regensburg Classification:ZA 51000
Organizational units:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Biochemie und Biologie
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
Licence (German):License LogoKeine Nutzungslizenz vergeben - es gilt das deutsche Urheberrecht
Notes extern:
The present work constitutes a cumulative dissertation. Parts of the thesis have already been published or are in submission:

A version of the 1st chapter is published as: Buchmann, C. M., Schurr, F. M., Nathan, R. and Jeltsch, F. (2011) An allometric model of home range formation explains the structuring of animal communities exploiting heterogeneous resources. Oikos, 120, 106-118.

A version of this chapter is published as: Buchmann, C. M., Schurr, F. M., Nathan, R. and Jeltsch, F. (2011) Movement upscaled – the importance of individual foraging movement for community response to habitat loss. Ecography, 34, 001-010.

A version of the 3rd chapter is submitted to Ecological Informatics as: Buchmann, C. M., Schurr, F. M., Nathan, R. and Jeltsch, F. Habitat loss and fragmentation affecting mammal and bird communities – the role of interspecific competition and individual space use.