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Bimodal temperature behavior of structure and mobility in high molecular weight p3ht thin films

  • We report a temperature dependent crystalline structure of spin-coated thin films of high molecular weight regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) (M-n similar to 30000 g/mol) and its correlation with charge carrier mobility. These investigations show a reversible change of the crystalline structure, where the interlayer lattice spacing (100)along the alkyl side chains continuously increases up to a temperature of about 220 degrees C; in contrast, the in-plane pi-pi distance reduces with increasing temperature. These changes in structure are reversible and can be repeated several times. The temperature-induced structural properties differ for thick and thin films, pointing to a surface/interface role in stabilization of the layer morphology. In contrast to the structural changes, the carrier mobility is rather constant in the temperature range from room temperature up to 100-120 degrees C, followed by a continuous decrease. For thick layers this drop is significant and the transistor performance almost vanishes at high temperature,We report a temperature dependent crystalline structure of spin-coated thin films of high molecular weight regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) (M-n similar to 30000 g/mol) and its correlation with charge carrier mobility. These investigations show a reversible change of the crystalline structure, where the interlayer lattice spacing (100)along the alkyl side chains continuously increases up to a temperature of about 220 degrees C; in contrast, the in-plane pi-pi distance reduces with increasing temperature. These changes in structure are reversible and can be repeated several times. The temperature-induced structural properties differ for thick and thin films, pointing to a surface/interface role in stabilization of the layer morphology. In contrast to the structural changes, the carrier mobility is rather constant in the temperature range from room temperature up to 100-120 degrees C, followed by a continuous decrease. For thick layers this drop is significant and the transistor performance almost vanishes at high temperature, however, it completely recovers upon cooling back to roorn temperature. The drop of the charge carrier mobility at higher temperatures is in contrast with expectations front the structural studies, considering the increase of crystalline fraction of the polycrystalline layer. our electrical measurements Underscore that the reduction of the macroscopic mobility is mostly caused by it pronounced decrease of the intergrain transport. The thermally induced crystallization along(100) direction and the creation of numerous small crystallites at the film-substrate interface reduce the number of long polymer chain, bridging crystalline domains, which ultimately limits the macroscopic charge transport.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author:Siddharth Joshi, Patrick Pingel, Souren Grigorian, Tobias Panzner, Ullrich Pietsch, Dieter NeherORCiDGND, Michael Forster, Ullrich Scherf
URL:http://pubs.acs.org/journal/mamobx
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/Ma900021w
ISSN:0024-9297
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2009
Year of Completion:2009
Release Date:2017/03/25
Source:Macromolecules. - ISSN 0024-9297. - 42 (2009), 13, S. 4651 - 4660
Organizational units:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Physik und Astronomie
Peer Review:Referiert