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Analysing the effect of the crystal structure on upconversion luminescence in Yb3+, Er3+-co-doped NaYF4 nanomaterials

  • NaYF4:Yb:Er nanoparticles (UCNP) were synthesized under mild experimental conditions to obtain a pure cubic lattice. Upon annealing at different temperatures up to T-an = 700 degrees C phase transitions to the hexagonal phase and back to the cubic phase were induced. The UCNP materials obtained for different T-an were characterized with respect to the lattice phase using standard XRD and Raman spectroscopy as well as steady state and time resolved upconversion luminescence. The standard techniques showed that for the annealing temperature range 300 degrees C < T-an < 600 degrees C the hexagonal lattice phase was dominant. For T-an < 300 degrees C hardly any change in the lattice phase could be deduced, whereas for T-an > 600 degrees C a back transfer to the alpha-phase was observed. Complementarily, the luminescence upconversion properties of the annealed UCNP materials were characterized in steady state and time resolved luminescence measurements. Distinct differences in the upconversion luminescence intensity, the spectral intensityNaYF4:Yb:Er nanoparticles (UCNP) were synthesized under mild experimental conditions to obtain a pure cubic lattice. Upon annealing at different temperatures up to T-an = 700 degrees C phase transitions to the hexagonal phase and back to the cubic phase were induced. The UCNP materials obtained for different T-an were characterized with respect to the lattice phase using standard XRD and Raman spectroscopy as well as steady state and time resolved upconversion luminescence. The standard techniques showed that for the annealing temperature range 300 degrees C < T-an < 600 degrees C the hexagonal lattice phase was dominant. For T-an < 300 degrees C hardly any change in the lattice phase could be deduced, whereas for T-an > 600 degrees C a back transfer to the alpha-phase was observed. Complementarily, the luminescence upconversion properties of the annealed UCNP materials were characterized in steady state and time resolved luminescence measurements. Distinct differences in the upconversion luminescence intensity, the spectral intensity distribution and the luminescence decay kinetics were found for the cubic and hexagonal lattice phases, respectively, corroborating the results of the standard analytical techniques used. In laser power dependent measurements of the upconversion luminescence intensity it was found that the green (G1, G2) and red (R) emission of Er3+ showed different effects of T-an on the number of required photons reflecting the differences in the population routes of different energy levels involved. Furthermore, the intensity ratio of G(full)/R is highly effected by the laser power only when the beta-phase is present, whereas the G1/G2 intensity ratio is only slightly effected regardless of the crystal phase. Moreover, based on different upconversion luminescence kinetics characteristics of the cubic and hexagonal phase time-resolved area normalized emission spectra (TRANES) proved to be a very sensitive tool to monitor the phase transition between cubic and hexagonal phases. Based on the TRANES analysis it was possible to resolve the lattice phase transition in more detail for 200 degrees C < T-an < 300 degrees C, which was not possible with the standard techniques.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author:Dennis Tobias Klier, Michael Uwe KumkeORCiDGND
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1039/c5tc02218e
ISSN:2050-7526 (print)
ISSN:2050-7534 (online)
Parent Title (English):Journal of materials chemistry : C, Materials for optical and electronic devices
Publisher:Royal Society of Chemistry
Place of publication:Cambridge
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2015
Year of Completion:2015
Release Date:2017/03/27
Volume:3
Issue:42
Pagenumber:11
First Page:11228
Last Page:11238
Organizational units:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Chemie
Peer Review:Referiert