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Interacting effects of warming and drought on regeneration and early growth of Acer pseudoplatanus and A. platanoides

  • Climate change is acting on several aspects of plant life cycles, including the sexual reproductive stage, which is considered amongst the most sensitive life-cycle phases. In temperate forests, it is expected that climate change will lead to a compositional change in community structure due to changes in the dominance of currently more abundant forest tree species. Increasing our understanding of the effects of climate change on currently secondary tree species recruitment is therefore important to better understand and forecast population and community dynamics in forests. Here, we analyse the interactive effects of rising temperatures and soil moisture reduction on germination, seedling survival and early growth of two important secondary European tree species, Acer pseudoplatanus and A.platanoides. Additionally, we analyse the effect of the temperature experienced by the mother tree during seed production by collecting seeds of both species along a 2200-km long latitudinal gradient. For most of the responses, A.platanoides showedClimate change is acting on several aspects of plant life cycles, including the sexual reproductive stage, which is considered amongst the most sensitive life-cycle phases. In temperate forests, it is expected that climate change will lead to a compositional change in community structure due to changes in the dominance of currently more abundant forest tree species. Increasing our understanding of the effects of climate change on currently secondary tree species recruitment is therefore important to better understand and forecast population and community dynamics in forests. Here, we analyse the interactive effects of rising temperatures and soil moisture reduction on germination, seedling survival and early growth of two important secondary European tree species, Acer pseudoplatanus and A.platanoides. Additionally, we analyse the effect of the temperature experienced by the mother tree during seed production by collecting seeds of both species along a 2200-km long latitudinal gradient. For most of the responses, A.platanoides showed higher sensitivity to the treatments applied, and especially to its joint manipulation, which for some variables resulted in additive effects while for others only partial compensation. In both species, germination and survival decreased with rising temperatures and/or soil moisture reduction while early growth decreased with declining soil moisture content. We conclude that although A.platanoides germination and survival were more affected after the applied treatments, its initial higher germination and larger seedlings might allow this species to be relatively more successful than A.pseudoplatanus in the face of climate change.show moreshow less

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Author:M. M. Caron, Pieter De Frenne, J. Brunet, O. Chabrerie, S. A. O. Cousins, L. De Backer, G. Decocq, M. Diekmann, Thilo Heinken, A. Kolb, T. Naaf, J. Plue, Federico Selvi, G. R. Strimbeck, Monika Wulf, K. Verheyen
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/plb.12177
ISSN:1435-8603 (print)
ISSN:1438-8677 (online)
Pubmed Id:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?term=24750437
Parent Title (English):Plant biology
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
Place of publication:Hoboken
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2015
Year of Completion:2015
Release Date:2017/03/27
Tag:Acer platanoides; Acer pseudoplatanus; climate change; drought; reproduction; seed; temperature
Volume:17
Issue:1
Pagenumber:11
First Page:52
Last Page:62
Funder:Research Foundation-Flanders (FWO); Erasmus Mundus through the EuroTango project; FWO
Organizational units:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Biochemie und Biologie
Peer Review:Referiert