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Do compensatory health beliefs predict behavioural intention in a multiple health behaviour change context?

  • Multiple health behaviour change (MHBC) represents one of the best ways to prevent reoccurrence of cardiovascular events. However, few individuals with cardiovascular diseases engage in this process. The present study examined the role of compensatory health beliefs (CHB; i.e., belief that a healthy behaviour compensates an unhealthy one)as a drag to engagement in this process. Some studies have shown that CHBs predict intention to engage in healthy behaviours, but no study has investigated CHBs in individuals who actually need to change multiple health behaviours. The goal was to better understand the role of CHBs in intentions formation process among individuals with cardiac diseases in an MHBC context. One hundred and four patients completed a questionnaire at the beginning of their cardiac rehabilitation program. Results showed that: (1) CHBs negatively predicted intentions (2) but only for participants with high self-efficacy or low risk perception; (3) CHBs predictions differed depending on the nature of theMultiple health behaviour change (MHBC) represents one of the best ways to prevent reoccurrence of cardiovascular events. However, few individuals with cardiovascular diseases engage in this process. The present study examined the role of compensatory health beliefs (CHB; i.e., belief that a healthy behaviour compensates an unhealthy one)as a drag to engagement in this process. Some studies have shown that CHBs predict intention to engage in healthy behaviours, but no study has investigated CHBs in individuals who actually need to change multiple health behaviours. The goal was to better understand the role of CHBs in intentions formation process among individuals with cardiac diseases in an MHBC context. One hundred and four patients completed a questionnaire at the beginning of their cardiac rehabilitation program. Results showed that: (1) CHBs negatively predicted intentions (2) but only for participants with high self-efficacy or low risk perception; (3) CHBs predictions differed depending on the nature of the compensating behaviour, and were more predictive when medication intake was the compensating one. Findings only partially confirmed previous research conducted on healthy individuals who were not in an MHBC process, and emphasized the importance of considering CHBs for individuals in this process.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author:Cyril ForestierORCiD, Philippe SarrazinORCiD, Falko SniehottaORCiD, Benoît AllenetORCiD, Jean-Philippe HeuzéORCiD, Aurélie GauchetORCiD, Aïna ChalabaevORCiD
URN:urn:nbn:de:kobv:517-opus4-434261
DOI:https://doi.org/10.25932/publishup-43426
ISSN:1866-8364
Parent Title (English):Postprints der Universität Potsdam Humanwissenschaftliche Reihe
Subtitle (English):Evidence in individuals with cardiovascular diseases?
Series (Serial Number):Postprints der Universität Potsdam : Humanwissenschaftliche Reihe (558)
Document Type:Postprint
Language:English
Date of first Publication:2019/09/19
Year of Completion:2019
Publishing Institution:Universität Potsdam
Release Date:2019/09/19
Tag:cardiovascular diseases; compensatory health beliefs; health behaviours; intention; pre-intentional determinants
Issue:558
Pagenumber:8
Source:Psychology, Health & Medicine (2019) DOI: 10.1080/13548506.2019.1653476
Organizational units:Humanwissenschaftliche Fakultät
Dewey Decimal Classification:1 Philosophie und Psychologie / 15 Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Peer Review:Referiert
Publication Way:Open Access
Grantor:Taylor & Francis Open Access Agreement
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung, Nicht kommerziell, Keine Bearbeitung 4.0 International