• search hit 5 of 212
Back to Result List

PEPPSI-Effect on Suzuki-Miyaura Reactions Using 4,5-Dicyano-1,3-dimesitylimidazol-2-ylidene-Palladium Complexes: A Comparison between trans-Ligands

  • The PEPPSI (Pyridine Enhanced Precatalyst Preparation, Stabilization and Initiation) complexes 12-15 with the structure [PdCl2{(CN)(2)IMes}(3-R-py)] (12: R = H; 13: R = Cl; 14: R = Br; 15: R = CN) bearing the maleonitrile-based N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) (CN)(2)IMes ({(CN)(2)IMes}: 4,5-dicyano-1,3-dimesitylimidazol-2-ylidene) were prepared. Solid state structures of 14 and 15 were obtained. Complexes 14 and 15 adopt a slightly distorted square-planar coordination geometry in the solid state with the substituted pyridine ligand trans to the NHC. Catalytic activities of precatalysts 12-15 were studied and subsequently compared to complexes [PdCl2{(CN)(2)IMes}(PPh3)] (4) and [PdCl(dmba){(CN)(2)IMes}] (5) recently reported by our group in the Suzuki-Miyaura reaction of various aryl halides and phenylboronic acid. Reactions using previously reported [PdCl2(IMes)(py)] (IMes: 1,3-dimesitylimidazol-2-ylidene) (1) were also carried out and their results contrasted to those involving 12-15, 4 and 5. Differences in initiation rates and theThe PEPPSI (Pyridine Enhanced Precatalyst Preparation, Stabilization and Initiation) complexes 12-15 with the structure [PdCl2{(CN)(2)IMes}(3-R-py)] (12: R = H; 13: R = Cl; 14: R = Br; 15: R = CN) bearing the maleonitrile-based N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) (CN)(2)IMes ({(CN)(2)IMes}: 4,5-dicyano-1,3-dimesitylimidazol-2-ylidene) were prepared. Solid state structures of 14 and 15 were obtained. Complexes 14 and 15 adopt a slightly distorted square-planar coordination geometry in the solid state with the substituted pyridine ligand trans to the NHC. Catalytic activities of precatalysts 12-15 were studied and subsequently compared to complexes [PdCl2{(CN)(2)IMes}(PPh3)] (4) and [PdCl(dmba){(CN)(2)IMes}] (5) recently reported by our group in the Suzuki-Miyaura reaction of various aryl halides and phenylboronic acid. Reactions using previously reported [PdCl2(IMes)(py)] (IMes: 1,3-dimesitylimidazol-2-ylidene) (1) were also carried out and their results contrasted to those involving 12-15, 4 and 5. Differences in initiation rates and the catalytically active species related to the seven complexes in regards to the throw away ligand were investigated. Poisoning experiments with mercury show that palladium nanoparticles are responsible for the catalytic activity.show moreshow less

Export metadata

Additional Services

Share in Twitter Search Google Scholar Statistics
Metadaten
Author:Heiko Baier, Alexandra Kelling, Hans-Jürgen Holdt
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/ejic.201500010
ISSN:1434-1948 (print)
ISSN:1099-0682 (online)
Parent Title (English):European journal of inorganic chemistry : a journal of ChemPubSoc Europe
Publisher:Wiley-VCH
Place of publication:Weinheim
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2015
Year of Completion:2015
Release Date:2017/03/27
Tag:Arenes; Carbene ligands; Cross-coupling; Palladium
Issue:11
Pagenumber:8
First Page:1950
Last Page:1957
Organizational units:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Chemie
Peer Review:Referiert