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The differential effects of school racking on psychometric intelligence Do academic-track schools make students smarter?

  • Prior research has shown that quantity of schooling affects the development of intelligence in childhood and adolescence. However, it is still debated whether other aspects of schooling-such as ability tracking or, more generally, school quality-can also influence intelligence. In this study, the authors analyzed intelligence gains in academic- and vocational-track schools in Germany, testing for differential effects of school quality (academic vs. vocational track) on psychometric intelligence. Longitudinal data were obtained from a sample of N = 1,038 Grade 7 and 10 students in 49 schools. A nonverbal reasoning test was used as an indicator of general psychometric intelligence, and relevant psychological and social background variables were included in the analyses. Propensity score matching was used to control for selection bias. Results showed a positive effect of attending the academic track.

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Metadaten
Author:Michael Becker, Oliver Lüdtke, Ulrich Trautwein, Olaf Köller, Jürgen Baumert
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1037/a0027608
ISSN:0022-0663 (print)
Parent Title (English):The journal of educational psychology
Publisher:American Psychological Association
Place of publication:Washington
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2012
Year of Completion:2012
Release Date:2017/03/26
Tag:cognitive development; intelligence; longitudinal studies; propensity score matching; school quality
Volume:104
Issue:3
Pagenumber:18
First Page:682
Last Page:699
Organizational units:Humanwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Erziehungswissenschaft
Peer Review:Referiert