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Evaluation of body fat changes during weight loss by using improved anthropometric predictive equations

  • Background/Aim: Skinfold-based equations are widely used to evaluate body fat (BF), but over-/underestimation is often reported. We evaluate the capacity of improved skinfold-based equations to estimate BF changes during weight reduction and compare them against well-established equations. Methods: Overweight adults (n = 44) participated in a 4- month weight reduction intervention. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and anthropometric measurements were taken at baseline and after intervention. The BF% was calculated using Garcia, Peterson, and Durnin and Womersley (DW) equations. Results: Baseline and postintervention BF% measured by DXA correlated highest with BF% predicted according to Garcia (r = 0.934 and r = 0.948, respectively), followed by Peterson (r = 0.941 and r = 0.932, respectively) and DW (r = 0.557 and r = 0.402, respectively); only a slight systematic error in overestimating the BF% was observed in estimates according to Garcia (r = 0.147 and r = 0.104, respectively; p < 0.001), while increasing errors occurredBackground/Aim: Skinfold-based equations are widely used to evaluate body fat (BF), but over-/underestimation is often reported. We evaluate the capacity of improved skinfold-based equations to estimate BF changes during weight reduction and compare them against well-established equations. Methods: Overweight adults (n = 44) participated in a 4- month weight reduction intervention. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and anthropometric measurements were taken at baseline and after intervention. The BF% was calculated using Garcia, Peterson, and Durnin and Womersley (DW) equations. Results: Baseline and postintervention BF% measured by DXA correlated highest with BF% predicted according to Garcia (r = 0.934 and r = 0.948, respectively), followed by Peterson (r = 0.941 and r = 0.932, respectively) and DW (r = 0.557 and r = 0.402, respectively); only a slight systematic error in overestimating the BF% was observed in estimates according to Garcia (r = 0.147 and r = 0.104, respectively; p < 0.001), while increasing errors occurred using the Peterson (r = 0.624 and r = 0.712, respectively; p < 0.001) and DW (r = 0.767 and r = 0.769, respectively; p < 0.001) equations. Moderate correlations between BF changes (kg) measured by DXA and predicted by DW (r = 0.7211), Peterson (r = 0.697), and Garcia (r = 0.645) were observed. Conclusion: Improved skin-fold equations cannot accurately measure changes in BF after weight reductionshow moreshow less

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Author:Ada Garcia, Karen Wagner, Christiana Einig, Ulrike Trippo, Corinna Koebnick, Hans-Joachim F. Zunft
URL:http://content.karger.com/ProdukteDB/produkte.asp?Aktion=JournalHome&ProduktNr=223977
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1159/000092601
ISSN:0250-6807
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2006
Year of Completion:2006
Release Date:2017/03/24
Source:Annals of nutrition and metabolism. - ISSN 0250-6807. - 50 (2006), 3, S. 297 - 304
Organizational units:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Ernährungswissenschaft
Peer Review:Referiert