Differences in neuromuscular activity of ankle stabilizing muscles during postural disturbances

  • The purpose was to examine gender differences in ankle stabilizing muscle activation during postural disturbances. Seventeen participants (9 females: 27 +/- 2yrs., 1.69 +/- 0.1 m, 63 +/- 7 kg; 8 males: 29 +/- 2yrs., 1.81 +/- 0.1 m; 83 +/- 7 kg) were included in the study. After familiarization on a split-belt-treadmill, participants walked (1 m/s) while 15 right-sided perturbations were randomly applied 200 ms after initial heel contact. Muscle activity of M. tibialis anterior (TA), peroneus longus (PL) and gastrocnemius medialis (GM) was recorded during unperturbed and perturbed walking. The root mean square (RMS; [%]) was analyzed within 200 ms after perturbation. Co-activation was quantified as ratio of antagonist (GM)/agonist (TA) EMG-RMS during unperturbed and perturbed walking. Time to onset was calculated (ms). Data were analyzed descriptively (mean +/- SD) followed by three-way-ANOVA (gender/condition/muscle; alpha= 0.05). Perturbed walking elicited higher EMG activity compared to normal walking for TA and PL in both gendersThe purpose was to examine gender differences in ankle stabilizing muscle activation during postural disturbances. Seventeen participants (9 females: 27 +/- 2yrs., 1.69 +/- 0.1 m, 63 +/- 7 kg; 8 males: 29 +/- 2yrs., 1.81 +/- 0.1 m; 83 +/- 7 kg) were included in the study. After familiarization on a split-belt-treadmill, participants walked (1 m/s) while 15 right-sided perturbations were randomly applied 200 ms after initial heel contact. Muscle activity of M. tibialis anterior (TA), peroneus longus (PL) and gastrocnemius medialis (GM) was recorded during unperturbed and perturbed walking. The root mean square (RMS; [%]) was analyzed within 200 ms after perturbation. Co-activation was quantified as ratio of antagonist (GM)/agonist (TA) EMG-RMS during unperturbed and perturbed walking. Time to onset was calculated (ms). Data were analyzed descriptively (mean +/- SD) followed by three-way-ANOVA (gender/condition/muscle; alpha= 0.05). Perturbed walking elicited higher EMG activity compared to normal walking for TA and PL in both genders (p < 0.000). RMS amplitude gender comparisons revealed an interaction between gender and condition (F = 4.6, p = 0.049) and, a triple interaction among gender, condition and muscle (F = 4.7, p = 0.02). Women presented significantly higher EMG-RMS [%] PL amplitude than men during perturbed walking (mean difference = 209.6%, 95% confidence interval = -367.0 to -52.2%, p < 0.000). Co-activation showed significant lower values for perturbed compared to normal walking (p < 0.000), without significant gender differences for both walking conditions. GM activated significantly earlier than TA and PL (p < 0.01) without significant differences between the muscle activation onsets of men and women (p = 0.7). The results reflect that activation strategies of the ankle encompassing muscles differ between genders. In provoked stumbling, higher PL EMG activity in women compared to men is present. Future studies should aim to elucidate if this specific behavior has any relationship with ankle injury occurrence between genders.show moreshow less

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Author details:Juliane MuellerORCiDGND, Eduardo Andrés Martinez-ValdesORCiDGND, Josefine StollORCiDGND, Steffen Mueller, Tilman EngelORCiDGND, Frank Mayer
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2018.01.023
ISSN:0966-6362
ISSN:1879-2219
Pubmed ID:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?term=29413789
Title of parent work (English):Gait & posture
Subtitle (English):a gender-specific analysis
Publisher:Elsevier
Place of publishing:Clare
Publication type:Article
Language:English
Date of first publication:2018/03/20
Completion year:2018
Release date:2022/01/14
Tag:Ankle; EMG; Lower extremity; Perturbation; Split-belt treadmill
Volume:61
Number of pages:6
First page:226
Last Page:231
Funding institution:German National Institute of Sport Science [BISp IIA1-070113/13-14]; European Union (ERDF European Regional Development Fund)European Union (EU)
Organizational units:Humanwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Strukturbereich Kognitionswissenschaften / Department Sport- und Gesundheitswissenschaften
DDC classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
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