How to Regulate the Acute Physiological Response to "Aerobic" High-Intensity Interval Exercise

  • The acute physiological processes during "aerobic" high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE) and their regulation are inadequately studied. The main goal of this study was to investigate the acute metabolic and cardiorespiratory response to long and short HIIE compared to continuous exercise (CE) as well as its regulation and predictability. Six healthy well-trained sport students (5 males, 1 female; age: 25.7 +/- 3.1 years; height: 1.80 +/- 0.04 m; weight: 76.7 +/- 6.4 kg; VO2max: 4.33 +/- 0.7 l.min(-1)) performed a maximal incremental exercise test (IET) and subsequently three different exercise sessions matched for mean load (P-mean) and exercise duration (28 min): 1) long HIIE with submaximal peak workloads (P-peak = power output at 95 % of maximum heart rate), peak workload durations (t(peak)) of 4 min, and recovery durations (t(rec)) of 3 min, 2) short HIIE with P-peak according to the maximum power output (P-max) from IET, t(peak) of 20 s, and individually calculated t(rec) (26.7 +/- 13.4 s), and 3) CE with a target workloadThe acute physiological processes during "aerobic" high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE) and their regulation are inadequately studied. The main goal of this study was to investigate the acute metabolic and cardiorespiratory response to long and short HIIE compared to continuous exercise (CE) as well as its regulation and predictability. Six healthy well-trained sport students (5 males, 1 female; age: 25.7 +/- 3.1 years; height: 1.80 +/- 0.04 m; weight: 76.7 +/- 6.4 kg; VO2max: 4.33 +/- 0.7 l.min(-1)) performed a maximal incremental exercise test (IET) and subsequently three different exercise sessions matched for mean load (P-mean) and exercise duration (28 min): 1) long HIIE with submaximal peak workloads (P-peak = power output at 95 % of maximum heart rate), peak workload durations (t(peak)) of 4 min, and recovery durations (t(rec)) of 3 min, 2) short HIIE with P-peak according to the maximum power output (P-max) from IET, t(peak) of 20 s, and individually calculated t(rec) (26.7 +/- 13.4 s), and 3) CE with a target workload (P-target) equating to P-mean of HIIE. In short HIIE, mean lactate (La-mean) (5.22 +/- 1.41 mmol.l(-1)), peak La (7.14 +/- 2.48 mmol.l(-1)), and peak heart rate (HRpeak) (181.00 +/- 6.66 b.min(-1)) were significantly lower compared to long HIIE (La-mean: 9.83 +/- 2.78 mmol.l(-1); La-peak: 12.37 +/- 4.17 mmol.l(-1), HRpeak: 187.67 +/- 5.72 b.min(-1)). No significant differences in any parameters were found between short HIIE and CE despite considerably higher peak workloads in short HIIE. The acute metabolic and peak cardiorespiratory demand during "aerobic" short HIIE was significantly lower compared to long HIIE and regulable via Pmean. Consequently, short HIIE allows a consciously aimed triggering of specific and desired or required acute physiological responses.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author:Gerhard TschakertORCiD, Julia Kroepfl, Alexander Mueller, Othmar Moser, Werner Groeschl, Peter Hofmann
ISSN:1303-2968 (print)
Pubmed Id:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?term=25729286
Parent Title (English):Journal of sports science & medicine
Publisher:Department of Sports Medicine, Medical Faculty of Uludag University
Place of publication:Bursa
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2015
Year of Completion:2015
Release Date:2017/03/27
Tag:Intermittent exercise; acute physiological demand; exercise prescription; mean load; peak workload duration
Volume:14
Issue:1
Pagenumber:8
First Page:29
Last Page:36
Organizational units:Humanwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Sportmedizin und Prävention
Peer Review:Referiert