Synchronization transitions in coupled time-delay electronic circuits with a threshold nonlinearity

  • Experimental observations of typical kinds of synchronization transitions are reported in unidirectionally coupled time-delay electronic circuits with a threshold nonlinearity and two time delays, namely feedback delay tau(1) and coupling delay tau(2). We have observed transitions from anticipatory to lag via complete synchronization and their inverse counterparts with excitatory and inhibitory couplings, respectively, as a function of the coupling delay tau(2). The anticipating and lag times depend on the difference between the feedback and the coupling delays. A single stability condition for all the different types of synchronization is found to be valid as the stability condition is independent of both the delays. Further, the existence of different kinds of synchronizations observed experimentally is corroborated by numerical simulations and from the changes in the Lyapunov exponents of the coupled time-delay systems.

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Author:K. Srinivasan, Dharmapuri Vijayan Senthilkumar, K. Murali, Muthusamy Lakshmanan, Jürgen KurthsORCiDGND
ISSN:1054-1500 (print)
Parent Title (English):Chaos : an interdisciplinary journal of nonlinear science
Publisher:American Institute of Physics
Place of publication:Melville
Document Type:Article
Year of first Publication:2011
Year of Completion:2011
Release Date:2017/03/26
Funder:Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India; Alexander von Humboldt Foundation; EU [240763]
Organizational units:Humanwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Psychologie
Peer Review:Referiert