Dokument-ID Dokumenttyp Verfasser/Autoren Herausgeber Haupttitel Abstract Auflage Verlagsort Verlag Erscheinungsjahr Seitenzahl Schriftenreihe Titel Schriftenreihe Bandzahl ISBN Quelle der Hochschulschrift Konferenzname Quelle:Titel Quelle:Jahrgang Quelle:Heftnummer Quelle:Erste Seite Quelle:Letzte Seite URN DOI Abteilungen
OPUS4-31457 Wissenschaftlicher Artikel Zykov, Vladimir; Bordyugov, Grigory; Lentz, Hartmut; Engel, Harald Hysteresis phenomenon in the dynamics of spiral waves rotating around a hole Hysteresis in the pinning-depinning transitions of spiral waves rotating around a hole in a circular shaped two- dimensional excitable medium is studied both by use of the continuation software AUTO and by direct numerical integration of the reaction-diffusion equations for the FitzHugh-Nagumo model. In order to clarify the role of different factors in this phenomenon, a kinematical description is applied. It is found that the hysteresis phenomenon computed for the reaction-diffusion model can be reproduced qualitatively only when a nonlinear eikonal equation (i.e. velocity- curvature relationship) is assumed. However, to obtain quantitative agreement, the dispersion relation has to be taken into account. 2010 10.1016/j.physd.2009.07.018 Institut für Physik und Astronomie
OPUS4-32088 Wissenschaftlicher Artikel Bordyugov, Grigory; Pikovsky, Arkady S.; Rosenblum, Michael Self-emerging and turbulent chimeras in oscillator chains We report on a self-emerging chimera state in a homogeneous chain of nonlocally and nonlinearly coupled oscillators. This chimera, i.e., a state with coexisting regions of complete and partial synchrony, emerges via a supercritical bifurcation from a homogeneous state. We develop a theory of chimera based on the Ott-Antonsen equations for the local complex order parameter. Applying a numerical linear stability analysis, we also describe the instability of the chimera and transition to phase turbulence with persistent patches of synchrony. 2010 10.1103/Physreve.82.035205 Institut für Physik und Astronomie
OPUS4-32087 Wissenschaftlicher Artikel Bordyugov, Grigory; Fischer, Nils; Engel, Harald; Manz, Niklas; Steinbock, Oliver Anomalous dispersion in the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction : experiments and modeling We report results on dispersion relations and instabilities of traveling waves in excitable systems. Experiments employ solutions of the 1,4-cyclohexanedione Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction confined to thin capillary tubes which create a pseudo-one-dimensional system. Theoretical analyses focus on a three-variable reaction-diffusion model that is known to reproduce qualitatively many of the experimentally observed dynamics. Using continuation methods, we show that the transition from normal, monotonic to anomalous, single-overshoot dispersion curves is due to an orbit flip bifurcation of the solitary pulse homoclinics. In the case of "wave stacking", this anomaly induces attractive pulse interaction, slow solitary pulses, and faster wave trains. For "wave merging", wave trains break up in the wake of the slow solitary pulse due to an instability of wave trains at small wavelength. A third case, "wave tracking" is characterized by the non-existence of solitary waves but existence of periodic wave trains. The corresponding dispersion curve is a closed curve covering a finite band of wavelengths. 2010 10.1016/j.physd.2009.10.022 Institut für Physik und Astronomie