TY - JOUR
A1 - Sposini, Vittoria
A1 - Metzler, Ralf
A1 - Oshanin, Gleb
T1 - Single-trajectory spectral analysis of scaled Brownian motion
T2 - New Journal of Physics
N2 - Astandard approach to study time-dependent stochastic processes is the power spectral density (PSD), an ensemble-averaged property defined as the Fourier transform of the autocorrelation function of the process in the asymptotic limit of long observation times, T → ∞. In many experimental situations one is able to garner only relatively few stochastic time series of finite T, such that practically neither an ensemble average nor the asymptotic limit T → ∞ can be achieved. To accommodate for a meaningful analysis of such finite-length data we here develop the framework of single-trajectory spectral analysis for one of the standard models of anomalous diffusion, scaled Brownian motion.Wedemonstrate that the frequency dependence of the single-trajectory PSD is exactly the same as for standard Brownian motion, which may lead one to the erroneous conclusion that the observed motion is normal-diffusive. However, a distinctive feature is shown to be provided by the explicit dependence on the measurement time T, and this ageing phenomenon can be used to deduce the anomalous diffusion exponent.Wealso compare our results to the single-trajectory PSD behaviour of another standard anomalous diffusion process, fractional Brownian motion, and work out the commonalities and differences. Our results represent an important step in establishing singletrajectory PSDs as an alternative (or complement) to analyses based on the time-averaged mean squared displacement.
KW - diffusion
KW - anomalous diffusion
KW - power spectral analysis
KW - single trajectory analysis
Y1 - 2019
UR - https://publishup.uni-potsdam.de/frontdoor/index/index/docId/43651
SN - 1367-2630
VL - 21
PB - Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft ; IOP, Institute of Physics
CY - Bad Honnef und London
ER -