Characterization of prostaglandin-F₂α-binding sites on rat hepatocyte plasma membranes

  • Prostaglandin (PG)F₂α has previously been shown to increase glucose output from perfused livers and isolated hepatocytes, where it stimulated glycogen phosphorylase via an inositol-trisphosphatedependent signal pathway. In this study, PGF₂α binding sites on hepatocyte plasma membranes, that might represent the putative receptor, were characterized. Binding studies could not be performed with intact hepatocytes, because PGF₂α accumulated within the cells even at 4°C. The intracellular accumulation was an order of magnitude higher than binding to plasma membranes. Purified hepatocyte plasma membranes had a high-affinity/low-capacity and a low-affinity/highcapacity binding'site for PGF₂α. The respective binding constants for the high-affinity site were Kd = 3 nM and Bmax = 6 fmol/mg membrane protein, and for the low-affinity site Kd = 426 nM and Bmax = 245 fmol/mg membrane protein. Specific PGF₂α binding to the low-affinity site, but not to the high-affinity site, could be enhanced most potently by GTP[γS] followed by GDP[ϐS] and GTP, buProstaglandin (PG)F₂α has previously been shown to increase glucose output from perfused livers and isolated hepatocytes, where it stimulated glycogen phosphorylase via an inositol-trisphosphatedependent signal pathway. In this study, PGF₂α binding sites on hepatocyte plasma membranes, that might represent the putative receptor, were characterized. Binding studies could not be performed with intact hepatocytes, because PGF₂α accumulated within the cells even at 4°C. The intracellular accumulation was an order of magnitude higher than binding to plasma membranes. Purified hepatocyte plasma membranes had a high-affinity/low-capacity and a low-affinity/highcapacity binding'site for PGF₂α. The respective binding constants for the high-affinity site were Kd = 3 nM and Bmax = 6 fmol/mg membrane protein, and for the low-affinity site Kd = 426 nM and Bmax = 245 fmol/mg membrane protein. Specific PGF₂α binding to the low-affinity site, but not to the high-affinity site, could be enhanced most potently by GTP[γS] followed by GDP[ϐS] and GTP, but not by ATP[γS] or GMP. PGF₂α competed most potently with [³H]PGF₂α for specific binding to hepatocyte plasma membranes, followed by PGD₂ and PGE₂. Since the low-affinity PGF₂α-binding site had a Kd in the concentration range in which PG had previously been shown to be half-maximally active, and since this binding site showed a sensitivity to GTP, it is concluded that it might represent the receptor involved in the PGF₂α signal chain in hepatocytes. A biological function of the high-affinity site is currently not known.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author:Frank Neuschäfer-Rube, Gerhard Püschel, Kurt Jungermann
URN:urn:nbn:de:kobv:517-opus-45863
Series (Serial Number):Postprints der Universität Potsdam : Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Reihe, ISSN 1866-8372 (paper 113)
Document Type:Postprint
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2010/08/04
Year of Completion:1993
Publishing Institution:Universität Potsdam
Release Date:2010/08/04
Source:European Journal of Biochemistry 211 (1993), 1-2, p. 163-169, DOI 10.1111/j.1432-1033.1993.tb19883.x, ISSN 0014-2956
Organizational units:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Ernährungswissenschaft
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
Licence (German):License LogoKeine Nutzungslizenz vergeben - es gilt das deutsche Urheberrecht
Notes extern:
first published in:
FEBS Journal - 211 (1993), 1-2, p. 163-169
ISSN: 0014-2956
doi: 10.1111/j.1432-1033.1993.tb19883.x