Professional expertise does not eliminate age differences in imagery-based memory performance during adulthood

  • Using a testing-the-limits paradigm, the authors investigated the modulation (attenuation) o f negative adult age differences in imagery-based memory performance as a function of professional expertise. Six older graphic designers, 6 normal older adults, 6 younger graphic design students, and 6 normal younger students participated in a 19-session program with a cued-recall variant of the Method of Loci. Older graphic designers attained higher levels o f mnemonic performance than normal older adults but were not able to reach younger adults' level of performance; a perfect separation of age groups was achieved. Spatial visualization was a good predictor of mnemonic performance. Results suggest that negative adult age differences in imagery-based memory are attenuated but not eliminated by the advantages associated with criterion-relevant ability (talent) and experience.

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Metadaten
Author:Ulman Lindenberger, Reinhold Kliegl, Paul B. Bates
URN:urn:nbn:de:kobv:517-opus-40384
Series (Serial Number):Postprints der Universität Potsdam : Humanwissenschaftliche Reihe, ISSN 1866-8364 (paper 160)
Document Type:Postprint
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2010/01/05
Year of Completion:1992
Publishing Institution:Universität Potsdam
Release Date:2010/01/05
Source:Psychology and Aging 7 (1992) 4, S. 585-593, ISSN 1939-1498, DOI 10.1037/0882-7974.7.4.585
Organizational units:Humanwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Psychologie
Dewey Decimal Classification:1 Philosophie und Psychologie / 15 Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
Licence (German):License LogoKeine Nutzungslizenz vergeben - es gilt das deutsche Urheberrecht
Notes extern:
The original publication is within the university network available at web.ebscohost.com:
Psychology and Aging. - 7 (1992) Issue 4, p. 585-593
ISSN 1939-1498
DOI 10.1037/0882-7974.7.4.585