Testing-the-limits, expertise, and memory in adulthood and old age

  • This research has three interrelated foci: (i) engineering and testing a cognitive model of expert memory, (ii) the study of intellectual reserve capacity and (iii) the use of a testing-the-limits methodology to magnify and delineate age differences in limits of reserve capacity. The assumption is that age differences are magnified if studied at high levels of expertise or task difficulty. Results from age-comparative point training studies in expert memory are reported. Both young and elderly subjects reached high levels of skilled memory, confirming the model. However, despite this sizeable reserve capacity, when compared to IQ-eguivalent young adults, superior elderly showed decline in upper limits of function.

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Metadaten
Author:Reinhold Kliegl, Jacqui Smith, Paul B. Baltes
URN:urn:nbn:de:kobv:517-opus-39063
Series (Serial Number):Postprints der Universität Potsdam : Humanwissenschaftliche Reihe, ISSN 1866-8364 (paper 147)
Document Type:Postprint
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2009/12/22
Year of Completion:1986
Publishing Institution:Universität Potsdam
Release Date:2009/12/22
Source:Human memory and cognitive capabilities : mechanisms and performances; symposium in memoriam Hermann Ebbinghaus -1885 - Berlin Humboldt University - 1985- / ed. by F. Klix and H. Hagendorf. - Amsterdam [u.a.] : North Holland, 1986, S. 395-407, ISBN 0-444-70069-2
Organizational units:Humanwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Psychologie
Dewey Decimal Classification:1 Philosophie und Psychologie / 15 Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
Licence (German):License LogoKeine Nutzungslizenz vergeben - es gilt das deutsche Urheberrecht